To improve health and wellbeing in cities, municipality employees, urban planners, architects, politicians, citizens, NGOs and funders can benefit by using the collective impact model for working effectively together.
For the attention of: Elected officials (policy makers), funders and urban planners. Citizen committees and municipality employees.
The problem: Achieving health and wellbeing for all citizens is the number one goal of the WHO. This goal is extremely challenging and requires cooperation among many different parts of society including policy makers, funders, NGOs, citizen representatives, and committed public employees. The problem is that these multiple partners are not at the present working cooperatively and have different agendas.
What we did and why: We focused on four of the collective impact model in order to encourage various multicultural, multi-level sectors of the local community groups that don’t usually work cooperatively since they don’t understand each other. Collective impact models or frameworks are approaches supporting networks of community members, organizations, and institutions to advance equity by learning together, aligning, and integrating their actions to achieve population and systems-level change.
Based on collective impact, a communication tool was developed which created a common language to deal with issues of health and wellbeing as well as poverty, climate change, inequality, economic development. This in order to progress with the WHO sustainability goals of health & wellbeing (SDG3).
What our study adds: This study describes a roadmap of how a multicultural city improved health and wellbeing with the following components:
develop a communication tool for cooperative planning and activities
set common agendas across multiple departments, officials and citizens,
create a shared measurement system,
create mutually reinforcing activities,
create backbone support across various sectors of society (political, citizens, public employees).
These steps allow sustainability and enhance achievement of SDG3 (health and wellbeing) as well as other SDGs.
Implications for city policy and practice: Create a team that includes members from various sectors of society and civil service and teach them how to communicate, set goals, use a common language and focus on how to impact and sustain achievements.
“Collective impact is a marathon, not a sprint.”
Funding must be designated for activating and achieving these goals.
For further information:
A case study on the use of the SDGs with a Collective Impact Initiative in Southwest Florida: Study showing the use of a Collective Impact approach.
WHO European Healthy Cities Network: WHO Healthy Cities is a global movement working to put health high on the social, economic and political agenda of city governments. For over 30 years the WHO European Healthy Cities Network has brought together some 100 cities and approximately 30 national networks to pursue health and health equity through city-wide approaches.
The Collective Impact Forum: provide resources, host events, and offer coaching for people working to advance equity and achieve systems change using a collective impact approach to collaboration.
Full research article: Health and wellbeing (SDG3) in urban design and spatial planning: A retrospective roadmap towards the Collective Impact Model by Miri Jano Reiss, Amiram Rotem, Ofer Gridinger,Yael Tzur, Gil Reichman, Rakel Berenbaum and Chariklia Tziraki