For the attention of: Urban policymakers, public health leaders, community organizations.
The problem: Long-term residents of gentrifying neighbourhoods are increasingly concerned that new development and accompanying social and economic changes may be harmful to their community. Scholars are only beginning to understand the health impacts of gentrification, and have called for more research into the experience of living in a gentrifying neighbourhood to uncover potential pathways between gentrification and health such as stress.
What we did and why: In collaboration with a consortium of neighbourhood residents and organizations, we interviewed 40 financially vulnerable individuals living in gentrifying neighbourhoods to understand how the changes they experience in their communities shape different elements of their health and wellbeing. We used interviews because they are best for understanding subjective experiences like the feeling of being financially insecure.
What our study adds: Our results show that the experience of living in a gentrifying neighbourhood makes respondents more financially insecure. They perceive the changes in their neighbourhood as exposing them to increased financial risk while simultaneously reducing the efficacy of buffers they might have against that risk. This is stressful because the threats, harms and challenges associated with financial insecurity – such as the inability to afford housing – exceed respondents’ ability to cope. Financial stress is one way gentrification may harm health.
Implications for city policy and practice: Investments in buffers against financial insecurity in gentrifying neighbourhoods – such as rent control, preservation of affordable housing, increased access to affordable childcare, social and cultural cohesion, and the creation of well-paying jobs for community members – can be seen as health-promoting interventions. Residents and community organizations should play central roles in designing interventions to alleviate financial stress.
Further information about the full programme: Conservation Law Foundation: Healthy Neighborhoods Study